The Gymnosperm Database


Foliage on a tree in the Auckland Domain (New Zealand) [C.J. Earle, Mar-2003].


Herbarium collections of this species (de Laubenfels 1972).


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 3.1

Agathis moorei

(Lindl.) Mast. 1892

Common names

Moore kauri (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes

Syn.: Dammara moorei Lindl. 1851, Dammara lanceolata Viell. 1862 (Farjon 1998). Curiously, due to a mix-up of the type specimens, this tree with lanceolate leaves was named Agathis moorei whilst a tree collected by Moore was named Agathis lanceolata (pers. comm. Graeme Platt, 2003.03.12).


Tree 15-30 m tall, normally with a clear bole to the base of the rounded, spreading crown. Bark whitish, exfoliating in fine scales; inner bark tan or reddish. Branches fine, pendent at the tips. Leaves lanceolate to elliptic, attenuate, dark green above, pale below, 5-7 × 0.8-1.2 cm, nearly sessile. Juvenile leaves lanceolate, opposite, 20 × 3.3 cm, on a short, wide petiole. Buds short and round with a few large scales. Cones globular or pyriform, 10-15 × 9-12 cm; cone scales broadly rounded. Pollen cones cylindrical, 2.5-3 × 0.8-0.9 cm, on an 8-12 mm peduncle; scales imbricate, erose and finely denticulate. Seeds narrow, with one oblique wing and one small, acute wing (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

New Caledonia: Pembe to Thio and Dumbea to Prony at elevations of 200-1000 m (Silba 1986).

The IUCN reports that this species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild due to a limited and severely fragmented distribution that is undergoing continuing decline in extent of habitat, number of subpopulations, and number of mature individuals. The entire species is now thought to contain fewer than 10,000 mature individuals.

Big tree







See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

de Laubenfels 1972.

Last Modified 2017-12-29