Gymnosperm Database
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Distribution map (redrawn from de Laubenfels 1972).


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 3.1

Araucaria bernieri

Buchholz 1949

Common Names

Bernier's araucaria (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes


"A narrowly columnar tree. Bark grey, exfoliating in thin strips. Branchlets in one plane, forming a wide U-like pattern, 4-6 mm in diameter. Juvenile leaves triangular, needle-like, apex sharply acute, to 7 mm long, relatively thick. Adult leaves scale-like, imbricate, triangular, keeled, 2-3.5 mm long by 1.5-2.5 mm wide, apex incurved. Male cone bluish-white, cylindrical, 40-90 mm long by 8-16 mm wide, scales lanceolate, microsporophylls triangular, pollen sacs 4-6. Female cone prominently glaucous, to 10 cm. long by 7.5-8 cm wide, recurved lip of scale raised, bracts to 5 mm. long. Seeds to 3 cm. long, nuts ovate, wings broadly rounded. Germination epigeal" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

New Caledonia: Poum, and from Canala to Plaine des Lacs, 0-700 m (Silba 1986).

The IUCN reports that this species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild due to a small population size (fewer than 10,000 mature individuals) that is suffering ongoing and projected continuing population declines.

Big tree

Commonly 40-50 m tall (Silba 1986).







See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

Last Modified 2012-11-23