Gymnosperm Database
Link to jump to start of content Home Topics Bookstore Links Site Map Contact Us



Distribution map (redrawn from de Laubenfels 1972).


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Conservation status 2010: protocol 3.1

Araucaria bernieri

Buchholz 1949

Common Names

Bernier's araucaria (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Eutassa bernieri (J.T. Buchholz) de Laub. 2009. A molecular analysis places Araucaria bernieri into the clade of small-leaved species of New Caledonia, along with A. schmidii, A. scopulorum, and A. subulata (Gaudeul et al. 2012).


"A narrowly columnar tree. Bark grey, exfoliating in thin strips. Branchlets in one plane, forming a wide U-like pattern, 4-6 mm in diameter. Juvenile leaves triangular, needle-like, apex sharply acute, to 7 mm long, relatively thick. Adult leaves scale-like, imbricate, triangular, keeled, 2-3.5 mm long by 1.5-2.5 mm wide, apex incurved. Male cone bluish-white, cylindrical, 40-90 mm long by 8-16 mm wide, scales lanceolate, microsporophylls triangular, pollen sacs 4-6. Female cone prominently glaucous, to 10 cm. long by 7.5-8 cm wide, recurved lip of scale raised, bracts to 5 mm. long. Seeds to 3 cm. long, nuts ovate, wings broadly rounded. Germination epigeal" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

New Caledonia: Grande Terre, restricted to the extreme S and on uplands along the SE coast, south of 21.5°S (Farjon et al. 2014).

The IUCN reports that this species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild due to a small population size (fewer than 10,000 mature individuals) that is suffering ongoing and projected continuing population declines.

Big tree

Commonly 40-50 m tall (Silba 1986).







Farjon, A., M. Gardner and P. Thomas. 2017. Conifer Database. In: Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds. (2017). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 30th April 2017. Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.

Gaudeul, M., G. Rouhan, M.F. Gardner, and P.M. Hollingsworth. 2012. AFLP markers provide insights into the evolutionary relationships and diversification of New Caledonian Araucaria species (Araucariaceae). American Journal of Botany 99(1):68-81.

See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

Last Modified 2017-05-11