Gymnosperm Database
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Tree in mountains of New Caledonia (Lowry 1996).


Distribution map (redrawn from de Laubenfels 1972).


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 3.1

Araucaria muelleri

(Carr.) Brong. et Griseb. 1871

Common names

Mueller araucaria (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes


"A tree 10-25 m. tall, with a candelabra-like crown. Bark gray, exfoliating in scales or thin strips. Juvenile leaves triangular, somewhat flattened, 2-2.5 cm. long, scale-like, sharply acute. Branches spreading, lanceolate, branchlets 3-5 cm. in diameter. Adult leaves scale-like, triangular, imbricate, stomata on both surfaces, midrib prominent, 3-3.5 cm. long by 1.5-2 cm. wide, apex acuminate and incurved. Male cone cylindrical, 13-25 cm. long by 28-37 mm. wide, scales acuminate at the apex, microsporophylls cuspidate, pollen sacs 20 per scale. Female cone 11-15 cm. long by 8-10 cm. wide; with short, erect bracts 10-20 mm. long. Seeds 3-3.2 cm. long, with narrow, triangular nuts; wings short and broad. Germination epigeal" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

S New Caledonia: Mt. Koghis to Mt. des Sources, 150-1400m (Silba 1986).

The IUCN reports that this species is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild due to a limited and severely fragmented range that is suffering ongoing and projected declines in extent of habitat, number of subpopulations, and number of mature plants.

Big tree







See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

de Laubenfels (1972).

Last Modified 2012-11-23