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photograph

Tree in mountains of New Caledonia (Lowry 1996).

map

Distribution map (redrawn from de Laubenfels 1972).

 

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Conservation status 2010: protocol 3.1

Araucaria muelleri

(Carr.) Brong. et Griseb. 1871

Common names

Mueller araucaria (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes

Description

"A tree 10-25 m. tall, with a candelabra-like crown. Bark gray, exfoliating in scales or thin strips. Juvenile leaves triangular, somewhat flattened, 2-2.5 cm. long, scale-like, sharply acute. Branches spreading, lanceolate, branchlets 3-5 cm. in diameter. Adult leaves scale-like, triangular, imbricate, stomata on both surfaces, midrib prominent, 3-3.5 cm. long by 1.5-2 cm. wide, apex acuminate and incurved. Male cone cylindrical, 13-25 cm. long by 28-37 mm. wide, scales acuminate at the apex, microsporophylls cuspidate, pollen sacs 20 per scale. Female cone 11-15 cm. long by 8-10 cm. wide; with short, erect bracts 10-20 mm. long. Seeds 3-3.2 cm. long, with narrow, triangular nuts; wings short and broad. Germination epigeal" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

S New Caledonia: Mt. Koghis to Mt. des Sources, 150-1400m (Silba 1986).

The IUCN reports that this species is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild due to a limited and severely fragmented range that is suffering ongoing and projected declines in extent of habitat, number of subpopulations, and number of mature plants.

Big tree

Oldest

Dendrochronology

Ethnobotany

Observations

Remarks

Citations

See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

de Laubenfels (1972).

Last Modified 2012-11-23