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Distribution map (redrawn from de Laubenfels 1972).


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 3.1

Araucaria schmidii

de Laubenfels 1969

Common names

Schmid araucaria (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Eutassa schmidii (de Laub.) de Laub. 2009. A molecular analysis places Araucaria schmidii into the clade of small-leaved species of New Caledonia, along with A. bernieri, A. scopulorum, and A. subulata (Gaudeul et al. 2012).


"A tree to 30 m tall, with numerous ascending branches. Bark gray, exfoliating in long strips 10-15 cm. wide. Primary branches spreading, pinnate, in a multi-stemmed U-like pattern. Branchlets in 2-ranks, 6-9 mm. in diameter. Juvenile leaves lanceolate, keeled, 18 mm. long by 2 mm. wide by 1.5 mm. thick, needle-like, pungent, apex incurved. Adult leaves imbricate, lanceolate, keeled, 7-10 mm. long by 1.5-2 mm. wide, needle-like, apex incurved. Female cones not seen. Germination reportedly epigeal" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

NE New Caledonia: Mt. Panie, rare, 1500-1630 m (Silba 1986).

The IUCN reports that this species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild due to a small population in a restricted area which is therefore vulnerable to chance destructive events.

Big tree







Gaudeul, M., G. Rouhan, M.F. Gardner, and P.M. Hollingsworth. 2012. AFLP markers provide insights into the evolutionary relationships and diversification of New Caledonian Araucaria species (Araucariaceae). American Journal of Botany 99(1):68-81.

See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

Last Modified 2017-05-11