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Cone and foliage (Lowry 1996).


Distribution map (redrawn from de Laubenfels 1972).


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 3.1

Araucaria scopulorum

de Laubenfels 1969

Common names

Rock araucaria (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes


"A tree 4-20 m tall, with an oval crown. Bark exfoliating in thin strips, light gray, nearly white. Juvenile branches spreading. Adult branchlets pinnate, forming a wide U-like pattern in one plane, 6-8 mm. in diameter. Juvenile leaves needle-like, 7 mm. long, curved inwards. Adult leaves imbricate, in dense sets, ovate, midrib prominent, scale-like, apex slightly incurved, 3-4 mm. long by 2.5-3 mm. wide. Male cone cylindrical, twisted, 3-5 cm. long by 7-11 mm. wide, scales ovate, pollen sacs 6, microsporophylls triangular. Female cones not seen; scales with an triangular bract to 5 mm. long. Seeds to 3 cm. long, with an oblong nut with an elongated tip, wings broadly acuminate. Germination epigeal" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

NE New Caledonia: Poum, Dothio, Cap Bocage, 0-300m (Silba 1986).

The IUCN reports that this species is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild due to a limited and severely fragmented range that is suffering ongoing and projected declines in extent of habitat, number of subpopulations, and number of mature plants.

Big tree







See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

de Laubenfels (1972).

Last Modified 2012-11-23