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Distribution map (redrawn from de Laubenfels 1972).


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 3.1

Araucaria subulata

Vieill. 1862

Common Names

Narrow-leaf araucaria (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Eutacta subulata (Vieill.) Carrière 1867, Araucaria balansae Brong. et Griseb. 1871, Eutassa subulata (de Laub.) de Laub. 2009. A molecular analysis places A. subulata into the clade of small-leaved species of New Caledonia, along with A. bernieri, A. schmidii, and A. scopulorum (Gaudeul et al. 2012).


"A columnar tree to 50 m tall. Bark gray, exfoliating in thin strips. Branches in one plane in a sharp V-like pattern or in a U-like pattern, 5-9 mm. in diameter. Juvenile leaves needle-like, narrowly lanceolate, curved inwards. Adult leaves scale-like, midrib prominent, lanceolate, curved inwards, 4-6 mm. long by 2-2.5 mm. wide, keeled dorsally. Male cone cylindrical, 5-10 cm. long by 1.2-1.3 cm. wide, pollen sacs 10, microsporophylls triangular. Female cone globose, 11-12 cm. long by 7-9 cm. wide, bracts short, to 6 mm. long. Seeds to 3 cm. long, nuts ovate, wings nearly rectangular. Germination epigeal" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

New Caledonia: Ignambi; Canala; Mt. Dzumac; Mt. des Sources, 320-1900 m (Silba 1986). The IUCN reports that the population status is stable.

Big tree







Gaudeul, M., G. Rouhan, M.F. Gardner, and P.M. Hollingsworth. 2012. AFLP markers provide insights into the evolutionary relationships and diversification of New Caledonian Araucaria species (Araucariaceae). American Journal of Botany 99(1):68-81.

See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

Last Modified 2017-05-11