The Gymnosperm Database


Distribution map (redrawn from de Laubenfels 1972).


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Conservation status

Callitris neocaledonica

Dümmer 1914

Common names

Taxonomic notes

Syn: C. sulcata var. alpina (Silba 1986).


Distribution and Ecology

New Caledonia, at elevations of 950 to 1,350 m in maquis on ultramafic substrates in the southern massif on New Caledonia. It has an estimated extent of occurrence of 257 km2 in more than 10 locations. As most populations are in protected areas, the major threat to the species is wildfire (Thomas 2009).

Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree





Most subpopulations are located in Montagne des Sources and Mt. Humboldt Botanical Reserve, and at least one has been affected by recreational trail construction, but Thomas (2009) does not specify where.


The epithet neocaledonica refers to New Caledonia; this and C. sulcata are the only species of Callitris occurring there.


Dümmer 1914. Three conifers. Journal of Botany 52:236-241.

Thomas, P. 2009. Callitris neocaledonica. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.3., accessed 2010.10.22.

See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Last Modified 2017-12-29