The Gymnosperm Database


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Conservation status

Calocedrus formosana

(Florin) Florin 1956

Common names

Taiwan incense-cedar [English]; 台湾肖楠 tái wān xiào nán, 台湾翠柏 tái wān cui bai [Chinese].

Taxonomic notes

Syn: Libocedrus macrolepis sensu Hayata 1908, Libocedrus formosana Florin 1930, Libocedrus macrolepis Benth. var. formosana (Florin) Kudo 1931, Heyderia formosana (Florin) Li 1953 (Li 1975), Calocedrus macrolepis var. formosana (Florin) W.C. Cheng et L.K. Fu 1978.


A large tree, the trunk often crooked. Bark smooth, purplish red-brown. Branchlets distichous, alternate. Leaves scalelike, obtuse, 1.5-2.5 mm wide, dark green outside, pale green within. Female cones oblong, 10-15 mm long, slightly curved, with 4 scales, the 2 lateral ones fertile. Seeds 1-2 to each scale, 8-12 mm long including a single wing (Li 1975).

Distribution and Ecology

Taiwan: N and central parts of the island at 33-1900 m (Li 1975). Hardy to Zone 9 (cold hardiness limit between -6.6°C and -1.1°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree

Up to 23 m tall and 3 m dbh (Li 1975).







Florin, C.R. 1956. Nomenclatural notes on genera of living gymnosperms. Taxon 5(8):188-192.

See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Huang 1994 (the Flora of Taiwan).

Last Modified 2017-12-29