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Conservation status

Cupressus sargentii

Jepson 1909

Common names

Sargent cypress (Peattie 1950).

Taxonomic notes

Synonymy:

Description

"Trees to 25 m, but often shrubby and less than 10 m; crown broader than tall or columnar, dense or open. Bark rough, furrowed, fibrous. Branchlets decussate, (1.5)2-2.5 mm diam. Leaves usually with inconspicuous, shallow, pitlike, abaxial gland that usually does not produce drop of resin, often glaucous. Pollen cones mostly 3-4 × 2 mm; pollen sacs 3-4. Seed cones usually globose, mostly 2-2.5 cm, brown or gray, not glaucous; scales mostly 3-4 pairs, with scattered resin blisters, umbos inconspicuous or to 4 mm. Seeds 4-6 mm, dark brown, faintly to prominently glaucous" (Eckenwalder 1993).

Distribution and Ecology

USA: California: Coast Ranges from extreme N Mendocino County (Red Mtn.) and Cooks Springs, Colusa County; south through Lake, Napa and Marin Counties; reappearing on Cedar Mtn., Alameda Co.; in the Santa Lucia Mtns. of Monterey Co. and San Luis Obispo Co.; and on Zaca Pk. (at 915 m) in the San Rafael Mtns. of northern Santa Barbara Co. (Peattie 1950).

Data from USGS (1999).

Found at 200-1100 m in chaparral, foothill woodland, and lower montane forests, often on serpentine (Eckenwalder 1993). These sites have a Mediterreanean (maritime winter-wet) climate with about 600 mm annual precipitation (Peattie 1950). Hardy to Zone 8 (cold hardiness limit between -12.1°C and -6.7°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001). See also Thompson et al. (1999).

Big tree

Height 44 m, dbh 120 cm, crown spread 12 m; in Sonoma County (American Forests 2000).

Oldest

Dendrochronology

Ethnobotany

Observations

Wolf (1948) provides the following information for the Cypress Mountain grove, which he feels is "the finest for the species": Cypress Mountain is a notable peak in the southern Santa Lucia Mountains, approx. 2900 feet in elevation. The cypress grove is on the NE side of the mountain near its summit, and mainly occupies ravines draining into Las Tablas Creek. The trees grow on serpentine rock outcrops and are mainly located in T.27S, R.9E, S.12. Some trees exceed 30 m height and 100 cm dbh. HERE is the summit of Cypress Mountain, courtesy of Google Maps.

Herbarium collections have also been made in the following locales: 1) Sonoma County: NE of Occidental on Stoetz Lane, off Harrison Grade; 2) Sonoma County: Duvoul Creek ridge S; E of Bohemian Highway (N of Camp Meeker). Peattie (1950) also suggests looking for it at the NE base of Mt. St. Helena (Lake/Napa County), on Mt. Tamalpais (Marin County), on Cedar Mtn. near the Lick Observatory in Alameda County, and the mountains just behind the Hearst Castle (San Luis Obispo County).

Remarks

Citations

Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Jepson, W.L. 1909. A Flora of California, Vol. I, p. 61. http://www.cupressus.net/CUsargentiiJepson.html, courtesy of the Cupressus Conservation Project website.

See also

Bisbee, Jeff. 2006. Photos at the Cupressus Conservation Project website.

Griffin and Critchfield (1972).

Herbarium data for all California species are accessible via the CalFlora Database.

Last Modified 2012-11-23