The Gymnosperm Database

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Stamp (The Conifers).


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Conservation status

Juniperus barbadensis

Linnaeus 1753, p. 1039

Common names

Taxonomic notes

Two varieties:

J. barbadensis var. barbadensis. Syn: J. virginiana var. barbadensis (L.) Gordon 1858, Sabina barbadensis (L.) Small 1903 (Farjon 1998).

J. barbadensis var. lucayana (Britton) R.P. Adams 1995. Syn: J. virginiana var. australis Endl. 1847, Sabina virginiana var. australis (Endl.) Antoine 1857, J. lucayana Britton 1908, J. australis (Endl.) Pilg. 1913 (Farjon 1998).



Distribution and Ecology

Caribbean: the type variety is confined to the Windward Islands: Santa Lucia (Petit Piton). Var. lucayana is found in Haiti, Jamaica, and Cuba (the Sierra de Nipe, Isla de Pinos) (Farjon 1998). The type variety is listed as critically endangered, and var. lucayana as vulnerable, by the IUCN.

Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

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"The species Juniperus barbadensis was described from a specimen supposedly collected many years ago in Barbados. Over the years, botanists tried to find this plant again without success. A few years ago, it was rediscovered on the summit of one of the Pitons in St. Lucia. It seems unlikely this plant was ever present on relatively-flat Barbados. It seems more likely that a mistake was made in the collecting expedition many years ago in recording the plant's origin. So... despite the name barbadensis (=of Barbados), it isn't!" (The Conifers.


See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Adams, R.P. 1995. Revisionary study of Caribbean species of Juniperus (Cupressaceae). Phytologia 78(2):134-150.

Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Last Modified 2017-12-29