The Gymnosperm Database


Foliage and cones (Harkevich and Kachura 1981).


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Conservation status

Juniperus chinensis var. sargentii

A. Henry 1912

Common names

偃柏 yan bai (Fu et al. 1999); miyama-byakushin, shinpaku [Japanese] (Iwatsuki et al. 1995).

Taxonomic notes

Synonymy (Iwatsuki et al. 1995, Farjon 1998):


Dioecious evergreen shrub 0.5-2 m tall, usually procumbent, with dense crown, horizontal trunk and upright shoots. Leaves scale- or needle-like. Scale-like leaves predominant on adult plants, dark blue-green, rounded, diamond-shaped or oval, 3-6 mm long, with dark glands. Young needle-like leaves pointed, cylindrical, to 15 mm long. Seed cones fleshy, globose, 8-9 mm diameter, each with 2-3 triangular seeds. Pollination in July, seeds mature October-November of the next year (Harkevich and Kachura 1981, Iwatsuki et al. 1995, Fu et al. 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

Japan: S. Kuriles, Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, in rocky places from near sea level to subalpine regions; China: Heilongjiang; rare in Russia: Sakhalin and South Kurile Islands; Korea; Taiwan (Harkevich and Kachura 1981, Iwatsuki et al. 1995, Fu et al. 1999).

Big tree







Henry, A. 1912 in Elwes, Trees Great Britain 6: 1432.

See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29