Gymnosperm Database
Link to jump to start of content Home Topics Bookstore Links Site Map Contact Us

Search the Database


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Conservation status

Juniperus chinensis var. tsukusiensis

(Masamune) Masamune 1930

Common names

清水圆柏 qing shui yuan bai (Fu et al. 1999).

Taxonomic notes

Syn: J. tsukusiensis Masamune 1929; J. sargentii sensu Sasaki 1928; J. chinensis var. sargentii sensu Sasaki 1930 non Henry.


A procumbent shrub. Leaves dimorphic; acicular leaves usually densely arranged in whorls of 3, 6 mm long, 1 mm broad, the apex acute, concave above, carinate beneath; scale leaves about 1.5 mm long, 1 mm broad. Cones globose, about 5 mm in diameter. Seeds 3, erect, trigonal-elliptic, 3 mm long, 2 mm wide (Iwatsuki et al. 1995, Fu et al. 1999).

"This variety was described by G. Masamune as only differing in its procumbent habit from var. chinensis; the latter taxon has a variable habit from a shrub to a tall tree" (Fu et al. 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

Southernmost Japan (Islet Yakushima) and Taiwan: Chinsuishan (Seisuizan), Hualien Xian, at 2200 m (Li 1975). Collections have been described (HAST Database) at Hualien Xian: Taroko National Park. At Peak of Chingshuishan, a marble mountain. 121°38'21"E, 24°14'41"N, 2200-2400 m. A procumbent shrub, on exposed rocky slope.

Big tree





Taroko National Park looks like a good place to see it.



Masamune, G. 1930. Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44: 50.

Masamune, G. 1930. J. Soc. Trop. Agric. Formosa 2: 152.

See also

Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Huang 1994 (the Flora of Taiwan).

Last Modified 2012-11-23