Roseberry juniper (Adams 1993), redberry juniper.
Formerly described as a variety of J. erythrocarpa Martinez, and elevated to species rank by Gaussen (1968). Gaussen failed to cite a basionym, thus his description was invalid, an error corrected by Adams (1993). Leaf terpenoid and RAPD analysis by Adams (1994) indicate that hybridization and introgression with J. angosturana has occurred. Syn. J. erythrocarpa Cory var. coahuilensis Martinez 1946 (Farjon 2005). J. arizonica was formerly described as a variety, Juniperus coahuilensis var. arizonica R.P. Adams 1994.
"Hybridization with Juniperus pinchotii occurs in Big Bend National Park, Texas (Adams and Kistler 1991), and possibly near Saltillo, Mexico. Reports of hybridization with J. ashei have been refuted (Adams 1975)" (Adams 1993).
"Shrubs or trees dioecious, to 8 m, single-stemmed to 1 m or branched at base; crown flattened-globose to irregular to round. Bark gray to brown, exfoliating in long ragged strips, that of small branchlets (5-10 mm diam.) smooth, that of larger branchlets exfoliating in strips, or occasionally in flakes. Branches spreading to ascending; branchlets erect, 3-4-sided in cross section, ca. 2/3 as wide as length of scalelike leaves. Leaves green to light green, abaxial glands elliptic to ovate, at least 1/4 of glands (on whip leaves) with an evident white crystalline exudate, margins denticulate (at 20´); whip leaves 4-6 mm, glaucous adaxially; scalelike leaves 1-3 mm, not overlapping or if so, by less than 1/4 their length, keeled, apex acute, spreading. Seed cones maturing in 1 year, of 1 size, with straight peduncles, globose to ovoid, 6-7 mm, rose to pinkish but yellow-orange, orange, or dark red beneath glaucous coating, fleshy and somewhat sweet, with 1(-2) seeds. Seeds 4-5 mm" (Adams 1993). Distinguished from J. arizonica by distribution, and by having large whip-leaf glands that are at least half as long as the associated leaf (Adams 2008, Farjon 2010).
Adams, R.P. 1975. Gene flow versus selection pressure and ancestral differentiation in the composition of species: analysis of populational variation in Juniperus ashei Buch. using terpenoid data. J. Molec. Evol. 5:177-185.
Adams, R.P. 1993. Nomenclatural note: Juniperus coahuilensis (Martinez) Gaussen ex R.P. Adams. Phytologia 74:413.
Adams, R.P. 1994. Geographic variation and systematics of monospermous Juniperus from the Chihuahuan desert based on RAPDs and terpenes. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 22:699-710.
Adams, R.P. and J.R. Kistler. 1991. Hybridization between Juniperus erythrocarpa Cory and Juniperus pinchotii Sudworth in the Chisos Mountains, Texas. The Southwestern Naturalist 36: 295-301.
Gaussen, H. 1968. Les gymnospermes actuelles et fossils. Les Cupressaceés. Trav. Lab. Forest. Toulouse, Tome II, Sect. I, Vol. 1, partie II 2, fasc. 10:1-222.
R.P. Adams' web site, juniperus.org.
Last Modified 2013-09-21