The Gymnosperm Database

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Juniperus squamata var. morrisonicola (Li 1975).


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Conservation status

Juniperus squamata

Buch.-Ham. 1824

Common names

Taxonomic notes

Syn: J. morrisonicola (Silba 1986). One variety, Juniperus squamata var. morrisonicola (Hayata) Li et Keng 1954 (syn: J. morrisonicola Hayata 1908, J. squamata sensu Kanehira 1936 (Li 1975)).


Var. morrisonicola described as "[a] shrub or tree, procumbent, up to 5-10 m in height, up to 1 m in diameter, the branches long, decumbent, terete, the branchlets ascending. Leaves linear, 3-5 mm long, 1 mm broad, densely and ternately arranged, concave and whitish above, grooved and green beneath. Cones globose or ellipsoid, 6-8 mm long, purplish black when mature, subtended by several bracts at the base. Seeds solitary, globose or ovoid" (Li 1975).

Distribution and Ecology

Afghanistan, India, China, Taiwan (Silba 1986). The variety found only in Taiwan: "central ranges at high altitudes of over 3,000 meters, the highest growing conifer of the island, forming a dense scrub or on open, exposed slopes growing as a tree" (Li 1975). Hardy to Zone 5 (cold hardiness limit between -28.8°C and -23.3°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001, variety not specified).

Big tree





Reported collections of var. morrisonicola (HAST Database) include:

Yushan National Park looks like a good place to see it.



Hayata, B. 1908. New Conifers from Formosa. Gardeners' Chronicle ser. 3, 43:194. Available: Google Books, accessed 2012.10.29. First description of the Taiwan variety.m

See also

Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Huang 1994 (the Flora of Taiwan).

Last Modified 2017-12-29