Syn.: Stegocedrus yateensis (Guillaumin) Doweld 2001. Type: New Caledonia, Riviere Bleue, J. Bernier s.n. Few studies have been performed on Libocedrus, but work to date suggests that the New Caledonian species are all closely related; see Libocedrus for discussion.
Shrubs or trees 2-12 m tall, single or multistemmed, 10-30 cm dbh, with spreading to ascending branches forming crown first conical, becoming bushy and rounded with age. Bark red-brown, rough, scaly, exfoliating in thin longitudinal strips or plates. Twigs on branches opposite to subopposite, frond-like, forming dense sprays. Twigs entirely covered with leaves. Leaves, as on other Libocedrus, of two types, facial and lateral. Facials 1.5-2 mm long, rhombic, imbricate, appressed, keeled near the apiculate apex, with stomata near base. Laterals flattened, 2-5 × 1-2 mm, falcate-lanceolate, partly covering the facials, stomata on underside in a band extending to the apex; leaves olive-green with a glaucous-white stomatal band. Pollen cones terminal, solitary, 5-8 × 2-2.5 mm, bearing 16-24 microsporophylls. Seed cones terminal, developing within one growing season, 9-10 mm long, the spiny free tips of the bracts 10-12 mm long. Seeds 6 mm long with a 6 mm wing (Eckenwalder 2000, Farjon 2010).
New Caledonia: riparian habitats along the Riviere Bleue, Riviere Yaté, Riviere Ouinné, and at Povila and Roche Ouaieme; at elevations of 150-600 m. It occurs as solitary trees and in small groves, typically on river terraces or river banks amidst shrubs and ferns. Its conservation status is Endangered due to the small number of individuals, small number of populations, exposure to fire, and lack of conservation protection for the central New Caledonian populations (Farjon 2010).
Zone 9 (cold hardiness limit between -6.6°C and -1.1°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).
No known use by indigenous peoples, no known use in horticulture, and very uncommon in botanical gardens (Farjon 2010).
The epithet refers to Yaté, which is near the location of the type collection.
Guillaumin. 1949. Contribution a la flore de la Nouvelle Calédonie. XCII. Plantes récoltées par J. Bernier (complément). Bulletin du Muséum d'histoire naturelle sér. 2, 21:457.
Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.
Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.
Last Modified 2016-11-27