The Gymnosperm Database


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Conservation status

Ephedra americana

Humb. et Bonpl. ex Willd.

Common names

Jointfir, pinco-pinco.

Taxonomic notes

Two varieties, the type and E. americana var. andina (Poepp.) Stapf. (syn.: E. andina Poepp. ex C.A. Meyer).


An evergreen shrub growing to 1.8 m. It is hardy to zone 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to July. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The plant not is self-fertile (Huxley 1992).

Distribution and Ecology

Andes of South America - Ecuador to Argentina, on stony slopes and gravel terraces (Huxley 1992).

Big tree







Huxley, A. 1992. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. MacMillan Press (describing E. americana var. andina).

See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29