Gymnosperm Database
Link to jump to start of content Home Topics Bookstore Links Site Map Contact Us

Search the Database


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Conservation status

Ephedra likiangensis

Florin 1933

Common names

丽江麻黄 Lijiang ma huang [Chinese] (Fu et al. 1999).

Taxonomic notes


"Shrubs or subshrubs to 1.5 m (usually smaller); stems erect, occasionally procumbent or buried in soil, stout; herbaceous branchlets ascending, green to brownish green, thick, internodes 2-4 cm × 1.5-2.5 mm, deeply furrowed, finely scabridulous. Leaves opposite, rarely in whorls of 3, connate for 1/2-3/4 their length. Pollen cones clustered at nodes, sessile or shortly pedunculate; bracts in 4 or 5(or 6) pairs, connate at base; staminal column not or slightly exserted, with 5-8 sessile anhers. Seed cones solitary or more often opposite at nodes, sessile or pedunculate, ovoid to subglobse at maturity, 8-11 × 6-10 mm; bracts in (2 or)3 pairs, apical pair connate for 3/4-8/9 their length, red and fleshy at maturity; integument tube less than 1 mm, straight. Seeds 1 or 2, 4.5–8 × 2-4 mm, elongate-ovoid, finely striate dorsally. Pollination May-Jun, seed maturity Jul-Sep. 2n = 28" (Fu et al. 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

China: W Guizhou, W Sichuan, E Xizang, NW Yunnan in mountains at 2300-4200 m elevation (Fu et al. 1999).

Big tree




"This species has medicinal properties" (Fu et al. 1999).




Florin. 1933. Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., ser. 3, 12:33.

See also

Last Modified 2012-11-23