The Gymnosperm Database

line drawing

Plant showing cone-bearing branchlet and seed cones at maturity [Liu Chunrong, redrawn by Li Aili] (Fu et al. 1999, Fig. 112).

line drawing

A male flower (Ali and Qaiser 1987).

line drawing

Left to right: seed cone at maturity; pollen cone; seed [Liu Chunrong, redrawn by Li Aili] (Fu et al. 1999, Fig. 112).


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Conservation status

Ephedra regeliana

Florin 1933

Common names

细子麻黄 Xi zi ma huang [Chinese] (Fu et al. 1999).

Taxonomic notes

Syn. Ephedra monosperma Gmelin ex C. A. Meyer. var. disperma Regel. (Fu et al. 1999).

Type described from (Soviet) Central Asia (Ali and Qaiser 1987).


Sub-shrub up to 8(-15) cm tall, lacking conspicuous, woody stems above ground, only with several woody basal branches 1-2 cm diameter. Main branches usually inconspicuous; branchlets clustered at nodes, radially arranged, smooth, slender and short, ca. 1 mm in diameter, internodes 1-2(-3) cm, apex slightly curved. Leaves opposite, connate for 1/2-2/3 their length, apex acute or slightly blunt. Pollen cones usually solitary or 2 or 3 whorled at nodes of branchlets, ellipsoid, 2-6 × 2-4 mm; bracts in 4-6(-8) pairs; staminal column exserted at apex, with 6 to 8 shortly stipitate anthers. Seed cones opposite at nodes or clustered at apex of branchlets, ovoid or broadly ovoid, ca. 5 × 3-4 mm at maturity; bracts usually in 3 pairs, apical pair connate for ca. 5/6 their length or more, red and fleshy at maturity; integument tube 1-1.5(-2.5) mm long, straight. Seeds (1-)2, glossy, narrowly ovoid, 3-4.5 × 1.5-2 mm, concealed by bracts. Berry globose, red. Pollination Apr-May, seed maturity Jul-Aug. 2n = 14* (Ali and Qaiser 1987, Fu et al. 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

Afghanistan, N India, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and China: Xinjiang; at 700-3,800 m elevation, on rocky slopes, flood lands and sandy places (Fu et al. 1999).

Big tree







Ali, S.I. and M. Qaiser (eds.). 1987. Flora of Pakistan.

Florin. 1933. Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., Ser. 3, 12(1): 17. (Fig. 7, A, B).

See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29