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Cones (van Gelderen et al. 1986).

 

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Conservation status

Abies homolepis

Siebold et Zuccarini 1842

Common names

Nikko fir (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes

Description

"A pyramidal tree 25-40 m. tall, 1-5 m. in girth, with horizontal branches. Bark grayish-brown, with exfoliating scales. Branchlets slightly smooth, gray or brown to yellowish-brown, tinted pink, deeply grooved. Buds ovoid or ovoid-conical, partially hidden by the leaves, chocolate brown with white resin, 10-14 mm. in diameter. Leaves spreading outwards and upwards, with a distinct V-like parting above, sreading horizontally below, flattened on both faces, shiny dark green above, bluish-white below, 1-3 cm. long by 2-2.5 mm. wide; stomata very scarce above, in 6-8 lines below; cross-section avicular, base twisted, apex obtuse or bifid. Male strobili ovoid, yellowish-green, stamen dark purple, 1.4 cm. long by 7 mm. wide. Female cone cylindrical, apex rounded, resinous, dark violet then brown, 7-10 cm. long by 3-4 cm. wide; scales slightly pubescent, denticulate; bracts hidden, about 1/2 height of the scale. Seeds grayish, to 1.8 cm. long" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

"Japan: Mount Adsuma to Mount Takakuma, 700-2200m" (Silba 1986). Hardy to Zone 4 (cold hardiness limit between -34.3°C and -28.9°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree

A tree on the Biltmore Estate, North Carolina, USA was measured at 35.1 m tall (Native Tree Society 2012). One in Highland Park, Rochester, New York, USA was measured at 68 cm dbh (Howard 2012). I have no data on trees in habitat.

Oldest

Dendrochronology

Ethnobotany

Observations

Remarks

Citations

Howard, Tom. 2012.04.15. Highland Park, Rochester, NY. www.ents-bbs.org/viewtopic.php?f=105&t=3984, accessed 2014.08.17.

Native Tree Society. 2012. Biltmore Estate trees. www.ents-bbs.org/viewtopic.php?f=106&t=2674&start=20, accessed 2014.08.17.

See also

Eckenwalder (2009).

Farjon (1990).

Farjon (2010).

Iwatsuki et al. (1995).

Vidakovic (1991).

Last Modified 2014-08-17