The Gymnosperm Database


Cones (van Gelderen et al. 1986).


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Conservation status

Abies homolepis

Siebold et Zuccarini 1842

Common names

Nikko fir (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes


"A pyramidal tree 25-40 m. tall, 1-5 m. in girth, with horizontal branches. Bark grayish-brown, with exfoliating scales. Branchlets slightly smooth, gray or brown to yellowish-brown, tinted pink, deeply grooved. Buds ovoid or ovoid-conical, partially hidden by the leaves, chocolate brown with white resin, 10-14 mm. in diameter. Leaves spreading outwards and upwards, with a distinct V-like parting above, sreading horizontally below, flattened on both faces, shiny dark green above, bluish-white below, 1-3 cm. long by 2-2.5 mm. wide; stomata very scarce above, in 6-8 lines below; cross-section avicular, base twisted, apex obtuse or bifid. Male strobili ovoid, yellowish-green, stamen dark purple, 1.4 cm. long by 7 mm. wide. Female cone cylindrical, apex rounded, resinous, dark violet then brown, 7-10 cm. long by 3-4 cm. wide; scales slightly pubescent, denticulate; bracts hidden, about 1/2 height of the scale. Seeds grayish, to 1.8 cm. long" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

"Japan: Mount Adsuma to Mount Takakuma, 700-2200m" (Silba 1986). Hardy to Zone 4 (cold hardiness limit between -34.3°C and -28.9°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree

A tree on the Biltmore Estate, North Carolina, USA was measured at 35.1 m tall (Native Tree Society 2012). One in Highland Park, Rochester, New York, USA was measured at 68 cm dbh (Howard 2012). I have no data on trees in habitat.







Howard, Tom. 2012.04.15. Highland Park, Rochester, NY., accessed 2014.08.17.

Native Tree Society. 2012. Biltmore Estate trees., accessed 2014.08.17.

See also

Eckenwalder (2009).

Farjon, Aljos. 1990. Pinaceae: drawings and descriptions of the genera Abies, Cedrus, Pseudolarix, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Tsuga, Cathaya, Pseudotsuga, Larix and Picea. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.
- Provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Farjon (2010).

Iwatsuki et al. (1995).

Vidakovic (1991).

Last Modified 2017-12-29