Sachalin fir (Vidakovic 1991).
Four described varieties, including the type:
A. sachalinensis var. sachalinensis
A. sachalinensis var. gracilis (Kom.) Farjon 1990
A. sachalinensis var. mayriana Miyabe & Kudo 1919
A. sachalinensis var. nemorensis Mayr. 1890
Pinus sachalinensis var. nemorensis (Mayr.) Vossin, Putlitz & Meyer 1913;
A. nemorensis (Mayr.) Miyabe & Kudo 1915;
A. wilsonii Miyabe & Kudo 1919;
A. sachalinensis var. wilsonii (Miyabe & Kudo) Viguié & Gaussen 1929.
I currently have only this description for var. gracilis: Tree to 15 m tall with a dense pyramidal crown. Leaves dark-green, to 3 cm long and 2 mm wide. Cones cylindrical, to 5 cm long. Seeds with one wing (Harkevich and Kachura 1981).
Russia (Sakhalin, S. Kuril Isls, one small stand on Kamchatka), Japan (Vladimir Dinets e-mail, 2-Jan-1998). Var. gracilis is only known from one small grove (0.2 sq.km) in Semyachik valley, Eastern Kamchatka (within Kronotsky Zapovednik). Probably introduced by native people few hundred years ago (Harkevich and Kachura 1981). Hardy to Zone 5 (cold hardiness limit between -28.8°C and -23.3°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).
Wilson (1916) says it is abundant in Hokkaido, occasionally in pure stands but usually with Picea jezoensis and deciduous hardwoods, or, in the northern part of the island, with Picea glehnii. In Sakhalin (which at the time was Japanese, south of 50°N), he found that it "covers enormous areas" with Picea jezoensis and Larix gmelinii var. japonica, chiefly on low mountain slopes.
Wilson (1916) says the largest trees he found were "on the slopes of Shiribeshi-san near the town of Kutchan up to 1000 m. altitude" and were up to 250 cm girth (about 80 cm dbh) and 30 m tall.
Harkevich, S. and N. Kachura. 1981. Rare Plant Species of The Soviet Far East and Their Conservation. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).
Masters, M.T. 1879. The Gardeners' Chronicle ser. 2, 12:588, fig. 97.
Last Modified 2012-11-28