The Gymnosperm Database

All of the line drawings below are from Fu et al. (1999) and may be viewed online via that source. All were redrawn by Li Aili from an original work by Zhang Ronghou.

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Cone-bearing branchlet and seed cones.

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Conservation status

Larix gmelinii var. principis-rupprechtii

(Mayr) Pilger 1926

Common names

华北落叶松 hua bei luo ye song (Fu et al. 1999).

Taxonomic notes

Synonymy (Farjon 1990, Fu et al. 1999):


Differs from the other varieties in the following characters (Farjon 1990, Fu et al. 1999):

Distribution and Ecology

Korea and Russia (Amur Basin) (Zhang and Xu 1995, Vladimir Dinets e-mail, 2-Jan-1998) and China: Wutai Shan in N Shanxi (type loc.), NW Henan, and N to Weichang in Hebei, at elevations of 600 to 2800 m, usually on rocky slopes. Precipitation is 600-900 mm per year, and climate is moderate compared to the type variety. Grows in mixed stands with Abies nephrolepis, Picea asperata and P. neoveitchii below 2400 m, and on Wutai Shan it forms pure forests above this elevation (Farjon 1990, Fu et al. 1999). Hardy to Zone 4 (cold hardiness limit between -34.3°C and -28.9°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree







Farjon, Aljos. 1990. Pinaceae: drawings and descriptions of the genera Abies, Cedrus, Pseudolarix, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Tsuga, Cathaya, Pseudotsuga, Larix and Picea. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Zhang Jianwei and Xu Huacheng. 1995. Silvics of Larix principis-rupprechtii Mayr. P.227-230 in Schmidt, W.C. and K.J. McDonald (compilers). Ecology and management of Larix forests: a look ahead; proceedings of an international symposium; Whitefish, Montana, U.S.A., October 5-9, 1992. Ogden, UT: U.S.D.A. Forest Service General Technical Report GTR-INT-319.

See also

Liou, T. N. 1958. Illustrated flora of ligneous plants of NE China.

Last Modified 2017-12-29