The Gymnosperm Database

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Conservation status

Picea koraiensis

Nakai 1919

Common names

Korean spruce; 종비나무 [Korean]; Ель корейская [Russian]; 红皮云杉 hongpi yunshan [Chinese] (Farjon 1990).

Taxonomic notes

Syn: P. koyamai var. koraiensis (Nakai) Liou & Wang, pro syn.; P. intercedens Nakai; P. tonaiensis Nakai. One variety, P. koraiensis var. pungsanensis (Uyeki ex Nakai) Schmidt-Vogt ex Farjon 1990 (syn: P. pungsanensis Uyeki ex Nakai 1941) (Farjon 1990).


Distribution and Ecology

North Korea, mainly along the Yalu River. Also China: Jilin (Changbai Shan) and Russia: on the Ussuri River (Farjon 1990). In Russia only in southernmost Ussuriland, very rare (Vladimir Dinets e-mail 1998.01.02). Var. pungsanensis is retricted to several locations in North Korea (Farjon 1990).

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Picea koraiensis var. pungsanensis is on the WCMC Red List as vulnerable, population stable but known from fewer than five localities. It "is restricted to a few localities of upland coniferous forest along the coast at Keizanchin, Mt. Pungsan and Hamnam [North Korea]. There are no known measures to protect the species" (World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Trees).


Farjon, Aljos. 1990. Pinaceae: drawings and descriptions of the genera Abies, Cedrus, Pseudolarix, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Tsuga, Cathaya, Pseudotsuga, Larix and Picea. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Nakai. 1919. Botanical Magazine Tokyo 33:195.

See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29