The Gymnosperm Database


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Conservation status

Picea meyeri

Rehder et E.H. Wilson ex Sargent 1914

Common names

Meyer spruce (Farjon 1990); baiqian 白扦 [Chinese].

Taxonomic notes

Synonymy (Wu and Raven 1999):

Type: F.N. Meyer 22672, 1908.02.25, temple of "Tchai-ling-tse" on Wutai Shan (Shanxi) at 3000 m elevation (Sargent 1914). Wutai is 3058 m tall, so thus must be near the summit.


Trees to 30 m tall and 60 cm dbh, with a conical crown. Bark gray-brown, irregularly flaking. Branchlets yellow-brown, pubescent or glabrous (variable on a single plant). Leaves spreading radially, ascending on upper side of branchlets, spreading and curved upward on lower side, quadrangular, slightly curved, not pungent, 13-30×2 mm, stomatal lines on all surfaces, apex obtuse or subacute. Seed cones green, maturing brown-yellow, oblong-cylindric, 6-9×2.5-3.5 cm. Seed scales obovate, 1.6×1.2 cm, striate on exposed part, apex rounded or triangular. Seeds obovoid, 3.5 mm with a 10 mm wing. Pollination April, seed maturity September-October (Sargent 1914, Wu and Raven 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

N China: Shanxi (Wutai Shan), Hebei, Shaanxi, Nei Mongol and possible S Gansu, at 1600-2700 m elevation (Farjon 1990, Wu and Raven 1999).

Big tree







Farjon, Aljos. 1990. Pinaceae: drawings and descriptions of the genera Abies, Cedrus, Pseudolarix, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Tsuga, Cathaya, Pseudotsuga, Larix and Picea. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Sargent, C.S. (ed.) 1914. Plantae Wilsonianae, Publications of the Arnold Arboretum No. 4. Jamaica Plain, Mass. V. 2, pg. 28. Available online at, accessed 2010.12.22.

See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Last Modified 2017-12-29