The Gymnosperm Database

 

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Conservation status

Picea meyeri

Rehder et E.H. Wilson ex Sargent 1914

Common names

Meyer spruce (Farjon 1990); baiqian 白扦 [Chinese].

Taxonomic notes

Synonymy (Wu and Raven 1999):

Type: F.N. Meyer 22672, 1908.02.25, temple of "Tchai-ling-tse" on Wutai Shan (Shanxi) at 3000 m elevation (Sargent 1914). Wutai is 3058 m tall, so thus must be near the summit.

Description

Trees to 30 m tall and 60 cm dbh, with a conical crown. Bark gray-brown, irregularly flaking. Branchlets yellow-brown, pubescent or glabrous (variable on a single plant). Leaves spreading radially, ascending on upper side of branchlets, spreading and curved upward on lower side, quadrangular, slightly curved, not pungent, 13-30×2 mm, stomatal lines on all surfaces, apex obtuse or subacute. Seed cones green, maturing brown-yellow, oblong-cylindric, 6-9×2.5-3.5 cm. Seed scales obovate, 1.6×1.2 cm, striate on exposed part, apex rounded or triangular. Seeds obovoid, 3.5 mm with a 10 mm wing. Pollination April, seed maturity September-October (Sargent 1914, Wu and Raven 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

N China: Shanxi (Wutai Shan), Hebei, Shaanxi, Nei Mongol and possible S Gansu, at 1600-2700 m elevation (Farjon 1990, Wu and Raven 1999).

Big tree

Oldest

Dendrochronology

Ethnobotany

Observations

Remarks

Citations

Farjon, Aljos. 1990. Pinaceae: drawings and descriptions of the genera Abies, Cedrus, Pseudolarix, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Tsuga, Cathaya, Pseudotsuga, Larix and Picea. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Sargent, C.S. (ed.) 1914. Plantae Wilsonianae, Publications of the Arnold Arboretum No. 4. Jamaica Plain, Mass. V. 2, pg. 28. Available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org, accessed 2010.12.22.

See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Last Modified 2017-12-29