The Gymnosperm Database


Forest in Jety-Ogyz, Kyrgyzstan [Vladimir Dinets] (e-mail 2000.01.30).


Another forest in Jety-Ogyz, Kyrgyzstan [Vladimir Dinets] (e-mail 2000.01.30).

line drawing

Line drawing; for full size image go to the Flora of China (Wu and Raven 1999).


Range of P. schrenkiana and several other widespread Asian spruces (redrawn from Vidakovic 1991).


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Conservation status

Picea schrenkiana

Fischer et C.A. Meyer 1842

Common names

Schrenk's spruce, 雪岭杉 xueling yunshan (Wu and Raven 1999).

Taxonomic notes

Two subspecies, the type and tianschanica (Rupr.) Bykov 1950.

Synonyms for the type (Farjon 1998):

Synonyms for subspecies tianschanica (Farjon 1998):


Trees to 60 m tall and 200 cm dbh, with a narrowly pyramidal crown cloaked in pendulous foliage. Bark dull brown, thickly flaking. Branchlets pendulous, yellowish gray or yellow turning dark gray. Leaves spreading radially, directed forward, straight or somewhat curved, broadly rhombic in cross section, 20-35 cm×1.5 mm, with 5-8 stomatal lines on the lower and 4-6 on the upper surface, apex acute. Seed cones purple or green maturing purplish brown, cylindric, 6-11×2.5-3.5 cm. Seed scales triangular-obovate, 12-20×(10-)13-18 mm, apex rounded. Seeds 3-4 mm with a 12-13 mm wing. Pollination May-June, seed maturity September-October (Wu and Raven 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

The type subspecies occurs in the Tian Shan, including China: Xinjiang and Kazakhstan. There are also isolated stands in the N. Pamir and S. Xinjiang (Vladimir Dinets e-mail 1998.01.02). The subspecies is found in the mountains around the Naryn River of Kyrgyzstan (Farjon 1998). Hardy to Zone 4 (cold hardiness limit between -34.3°C and -28.9°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001, subspecies not specified).

Big tree

Trees up to 60 m tall occur in the area S from Almaty (Kazakhstan) (Vladimir Dinets e-mail 1998.01.02).







Fischer and C.A. Meyer. 1842. Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 10:253.

See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29