The Gymnosperm Database

line drawing

Line drawing; for full size image go to the Flora of China (Wu and Raven 1999).

map

Range of P. spinulosa and several other widespread Asian spruces (redrawn from Vidakovic 1991).

 

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Conservation status

Picea spinulosa

(Griffith) A. Henry 1906

Common names

Sikkim spruce; 西藏云杉 xu mi yunshan [Chinese].

Taxonomic notes

Syn.: Abies spinulosa Griffith 1847, Picea morindoides Rehder, P. spinulosa var. yatungensis Silba (Wu and Raven 1999).

Description

Trees to 60 m tall. Bark rough, flaking, scaly. Branchlets brownish yellow, turning gray in 2nd year, slender, glabrous. Leaves directed forward on upper side of branchlets, spreading on lower side, linear, broadly rhombic in cross section, 15-35×1.1-1.8 mm, slightly keeled on both surfaces, stomata in 5-7 lines on upper and 1-3 lines on lower surface (or is it the other way around?), apex acute or acuminate. Seed cones green, purple at margin of seed scales, maturing brown or dark brown, oblong-cylindric or cylindric, 9-11×3-4.5 cm. Seed scales obovate, thick, 20×18 mm, smooth and glossy, not striate. Seeds dark brown, 5 mm long, with an 11-15 mm wing (Wu and Raven 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal, SE Tibet, 2400-3600m (Silba 1986, Wu and Raven 1999). Hardy to Zone 8 (cold hardiness limit between -12.1°C and -6.7°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree

Oldest

Dendrochronology

Ethnobotany

Observations

Remarks

First collected by W. Griffith, a remarkable botanist who collected over 12,000 species in his short life (Lang 1913).

Citations

Henry, A. 1906. New or noteworthy plants. Gardeners' Chronicle ser. 3. 39:219. Available: Google Books, accessed 2010.12.21.

Lang, W.H. 1913. William Griffith. Pp. 170-188 in F.W. Oliver (ed.), Makers of British Botany. Cambridge: The University Press. Pp. 178-191. Available at Google Books.

See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29