The Gymnosperm Database

line drawing

Line drawing; for full size image go to the Flora of China (Wu and Raven 1999).


Range of P. spinulosa and several other widespread Asian spruces (redrawn from Vidakovic 1991).


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Conservation status

Picea spinulosa

(Griffith) A. Henry 1906

Common names

Sikkim spruce; 西藏云杉 xu mi yunshan [Chinese].

Taxonomic notes

Syn.: Abies spinulosa Griffith 1847, Picea morindoides Rehder, P. spinulosa var. yatungensis Silba (Wu and Raven 1999).


Trees to 60 m tall. Bark rough, flaking, scaly. Branchlets brownish yellow, turning gray in 2nd year, slender, glabrous. Leaves directed forward on upper side of branchlets, spreading on lower side, linear, broadly rhombic in cross section, 15-35×1.1-1.8 mm, slightly keeled on both surfaces, stomata in 5-7 lines on upper and 1-3 lines on lower surface (or is it the other way around?), apex acute or acuminate. Seed cones green, purple at margin of seed scales, maturing brown or dark brown, oblong-cylindric or cylindric, 9-11×3-4.5 cm. Seed scales obovate, thick, 20×18 mm, smooth and glossy, not striate. Seeds dark brown, 5 mm long, with an 11-15 mm wing (Wu and Raven 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal, SE Tibet, 2400-3600m (Silba 1986, Wu and Raven 1999). Hardy to Zone 8 (cold hardiness limit between -12.1°C and -6.7°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree






First collected by W. Griffith, a remarkable botanist who collected over 12,000 species in his short life (Lang 1913).


Henry, A. 1906. New or noteworthy plants. Gardeners' Chronicle ser. 3. 39:219. Available: Google Books, accessed 2010.12.21.

Lang, W.H. 1913. William Griffith. Pp. 170-188 in F.W. Oliver (ed.), Makers of British Botany. Cambridge: The University Press. Pp. 178-191. Available at Google Books.

See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29