Sikkim spruce; 西藏云杉 xu mi yunshan [Chinese].
Syn.: Abies spinulosa Griffith 1847, Picea morindoides Rehder, P. spinulosa var. yatungensis Silba (Wu and Raven 1999).
Trees to 60 m tall. Bark rough, flaking, scaly. Branchlets brownish yellow, turning gray in 2nd year, slender, glabrous. Leaves directed forward on upper side of branchlets, spreading on lower side, linear, broadly rhombic in cross section, 15-35×1.1-1.8 mm, slightly keeled on both surfaces, stomata in 5-7 lines on upper and 1-3 lines on lower surface (or is it the other way around?), apex acute or acuminate. Seed cones green, purple at margin of seed scales, maturing brown or dark brown, oblong-cylindric or cylindric, 9-11×3-4.5 cm. Seed scales obovate, thick, 20×18 mm, smooth and glossy, not striate. Seeds dark brown, 5 mm long, with an 11-15 mm wing (Wu and Raven 1999).
First collected by W. Griffith, a remarkable botanist who collected over 12,000 species in his short life (Lang 1913).
Henry, A. 1906. New or noteworthy plants. Gardeners' Chronicle ser. 3. 39:219. Available: Google Books, accessed 2010.12.21.
Lang, W.H. 1913. William Griffith. Pp. 170-188 in F.W. Oliver (ed.), Makers of British Botany. Cambridge: The University Press. Pp. 178-191. Available at Google Books.
Last Modified 2017-12-29