The Gymnosperm Database

line drawing

Line drawing; for full size image go to the Flora of China (Wu and Raven 1999).


Range of P. wilsonii and several other widespread Asian spruces (redrawn from Vidakovic 1991).


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Conservation status

Picea wilsonii

Masters 1903

Common names

青扦 qing qian [Chinese].

Taxonomic notes

Syn.: Picea mastersii Mayr; P. watsoniana Masters; P. wilsonii var. shanxiensis Silba; P. wilsonii var. watsoniana (Masters) Silba (Wu and Raven 1999).


Trees to 50 m tall and 130 cm dbh, with a pyramidal crown. Bark gray, irregularly flaking. Branchlets yellowish green or yellowish gray, turning pale gray or brownish gray; glabrous. Leaves directed forward on upper side of branchlets, spreading on lower side, quadrangular-linear, straight or slightly curved, broadly quadrangular in cross section, 8-13×1.2-1.7 mm, with 4-5 stomatal lines along each surface; apex acuminate. Seed cones maturing yellow-brown, ovoid, 5-8×2.5-4 cm. Seed scales obovate, 14-17×10-14 mm, exposed part not striate, apex variable. Seeds obovoid, 3-4 mm, with an 8-11 mm pale brown wing. Pollination April, seed maturity October (Wu and Raven 1999).

Distribution and Ecology

China: Gansu, Hebei, Hubei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan; at 1400-2800 m elevation (Wu and Raven 1999). Hardy to Zone 5 (cold hardiness limit between -28.8°C and -23.3°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree




Used for afforestation and as an ornamental. The timber is used for furniture, construction, and pulp (Wu and Raven 1999).




Masters, M.T. 1903. Gardeners' Chronicle ser. 3. 33:133

See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29