The Gymnosperm Database

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Pinus armandii Franchet var. mastersiana Hayata (Pinaceae) (Li 1975).

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Line drawing of var. mastersiana; for full size image go to the Flora of China (Wu and Raven 1999).


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Conservation status

Pinus armandii var. mastersiana

Hayata 1908

Common names

台湾果松 Taiwan guosong, 台灣華山松 Taiwan huashansong (Taiwan high mountain pine) [Chinese]; タカネゴヨウ Takane goyou [Japanese].

Taxonomic notes

Syn. P. mastersiana Hayata 1908.


Trees to 20 m tall and 100 cm dbh. Branches spreading wide, horizontal. Twigs glabrous. Leaves in fascicles of 5, bright green with finely serrulate margins, 8-15 cm long, with 3 resin ducts. Seed cones borne on peduncles, 10-20 cm long, up to 8 cm diameter, ovoid, tapering to an acute point, axis nearly straight or slightly recurved. Seed scales rhombic, 3 cm long. Seeds ovoid, compressed, wingless, 8-12 mm long (Li 1975).

Distribution and Ecology

N and C Taiwan at 2,300-3,000 m elevation (Huang 1994).

Big tree





Not seen. A detailed record of two Taiwan locations is: Nantou Xian: Xini Xiang: Tungpushanchuang to Tatachiaanpu. Elevation:2500-2900 m. Hualien Xian: Xiulin Xiang: Yenhai Forest Road. Secondary broadleaf forest. Elevation:2280-2350 m. 120:30E. 24:11N. On exposed roadside. Tree ca. 2 m tall; fruits green (HAST Database).



Hayata, B. 1908. New Conifers from Formosa. Gardeners' Chronicle ser. 3, 43:194. Available: Google Books, accessed 2012.10.29. Published here as P. mastersiana, reduced to a variety in the following publication later the same year.

Hayata, B. 1908. Flora Montana Formosae - Gymnospermae. J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 25, Art. 19:207-224, figs. (p. 217).

See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Last Modified 2017-12-29