The Gymnosperm Database


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Conservation status

Pinus dalatensis

Ferré 1960

Common names

Thông Dà; lat, Thông Nam lá (Vietnamese) (FIPI 1996).

Taxonomic notes

Loosely related to the other Asian white pines. "This pine resembles Pinus wallichiana (syn. P. griffithii) and P. strobus, but its pollen characteristics are different (Ferré, 1960) and it has been collected in only two localities, far away from both other pines. ... Due to the scant material available to botanists, this species still awaits verification of its taxonomic status" (Farjon 1984).

Syn: P. wallichiana var. dalatensis (Silba 1986).


Evergreen tree to 15-25(45) m tall and 60-100(+) cm dbh. Crown conical, somewhat open. Young trees have resinous, longitudinally fissured bark. Needles in fascicles of 5, sheaths shed early. Female cone has 20-30 scales, yellowish brown maturing to dark grey. Seeds ovate, brown, winged. Cones begin to mature in February and March and reach maturity in October-December (FIPI 1996).

Distribution and Ecology

Vietnam: Thua Thien Hue (Phu Loc), Kon Tum (Ngoc Linh), Gia Lai (Kon Ka Kinh NR), Dac Lac (Chu Yang Sing and other massifs), Lam Dong, (BiDoup mountain), Ninh Thuan (Phuoc Binh) (Luu and Thomas 2004). Laos: the southern part of the Nakai Nam Theun protected area (Bachman et al. 2007). Grows in dense, moist, evergreen subtropical forests, on yellow ferallitic soils or shallow dark gley soils, at elevations of more than 1500 m. Often in mixed stands with P. krempfii, P. insularis, Dacrydium elatum and Chamaecyparis hodginsii. Regeneration occurs primarily at forest edges and along streams (FIPI 1996).

Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree




Due to its rarity, it is chiefly useful as an ornamental (FIPI 1996).


Can only be seen within its very limited range, within which its continued survival is uncertain.


"This is an endangered tree species, growing sparsely and regenerating only with much difficulty. The number of individuals is low and is continuously being reduced, its distribution becoming more and more confined to small isolated areas as its habitats are being destroyed. Strict protection is needed to preserve this valuable species" (FIPI 1996).


Bachman, S., Farjon, A., Gardner, M., Thomas, P., Luscombe, D., and C.Reynolds. 2007. Pinus dalatensis. In: 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species., accessed 2009.04.10.

Ferré, Y. de. 1960. Une nouvelle espèce de pin au Viet-Nam. Pinus dalatensis. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 95:171-180.

See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Hiep et al. 2004.

Luu and Thomas 2004 provide a description, range map, conservation status, drawings and photos, and a wealth of additional information.

Last Modified 2017-12-29