The Gymnosperm Database


Range of Pinus occidentalis (Farjon and Styles 1997). Basemap from Expedia Maps.


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Conservation status

Pinus occidentalis

Swartz 1788

Common names

Hispaniola pine; Pino criollo [Spanish].

Taxonomic notes

Syn: P. occidentalis var. baorucoensis Silba 1985 (Farjon and Styles 1997).


See Farjon and Styles (1997).

Distribution and Ecology

Hispaniola: Haiti and the Dominican Republic at 200-3200 m in mixed or pure stands (Farjon and Styles 1997).

Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree





I have a report of it in Puerto Rico, along Km.13-16 of Route 120, in Maricao Forest Reserve, where it may be introduced (Vladimir Dinets e-mail 2000.01.04).


This species is the only known host for the dwarf mistletoe Arceuthobium bicarinatum, which occurs mostly on Hispaniola (Hawksworth and Wiens 1996).


Swartz, O.P. 1788. Nova genera et species plantarum seu prodromus descriptionum vegetabilium. Stockholm-Uppsala. p.103.

See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Last Modified 2017-12-29