The Gymnosperm Database


Pinus sibirica timberline near the pereval Seminskij (Gornyi Altaj Republic, Russia) [Renzo Motta].


A tree growing in the S Altai, Russia [Nikolai Laschinskii, Central Siberian Botanical Garden].


Cones on a tree growing near Tomsk, Russia [Nikolai Laschinskii, Central Siberian Botanical Garden].

line drawing

Line drawing; for full size image go to the Flora of China (Wu and Raven 1999).


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Conservation status

Pinus sibirica

Du Tour 1803

Common names

Сибирский кедр [Russian]; Siberian cedar. Russians commonly call white pines "kedr" (cedar), a reference to the true cedars rather than (as in English usage) to the Cupressaceae. They call hard pines "sosna" and thus Russian is the only language I have found that systematically distinguishes the two subgenera of Pinus.

Taxonomic notes

Syn: Pinus cembra L. var. sibirica (Du Tour) G. Don 1830; P. cembra subsp. sibirica (Du Tour) Krylov 1914; P. coronans Litv. 1913; P. hingganensis H.J. Zhang 1985; P. sibirica var. hingganensis (H.J. Zhang) Silba 1990 (Farjon 1998).


Distribution and Ecology

Russia (the Urals and Siberia, excepting most of Yakutia and E coastal areas), China (Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Xinjiang), Kazakhstan, N Mongolia (Vladimir Dinets e-mail 1998.01.10, Farjon 1998). "Grows on wet W slopes and on wet soils, in pure stands or in association with Picea obovata and Abies sibirica ("black taiga") (Vladimir Dinets e-mail 1998.01.10).

Big tree

A specimen 48 m tall and 350 cm in girth occurs on Kedrovy Pass in the Altai Mts. (Vladimir Dinets e-mail 1998.01.10).


Tree TPX-16 collected at Tarvagatay Pass, Mongolia by Gordon Jacoby, Nachin, and D. Frank had a crossdated age of 629 years (RMTRR 2006).


It has been used in climate reconstruction, e.g., by D'Arrigo et al. (2001).


Seeds locally harvested (Vladimir Dinets e-mail 1998.01.10).



This is another pine, like the piñon and P. albicaulis, that provides an important food source for local indigenous peoples and wildlife in the form of large, wingless seeds that are distributed primarily by birds - in this case, the Siberian nutcracker (Nucifraga nucifraga) (Vladimir Dinets e-mail 1998.01.10).


D'Arrigo, R., G. Jacoby, D. Frank, N. Pederson, B. Buckley, B. Nachin, R. Mijiddorj and C. Dugarjav. 2001. 1738 years of Mongolian temperature variability inferred from a tree-ring width chronology of Siberian pine. Geophysical Research Letters 28: 543-546.

Du Tour, M. 1803. Pinus sibirica sp. nov. in Déterville (publ.), Nouveau dictionaire d'histoire naturelle, ... V.18, p.18. Paris.

See also

Farjon (1984).

Richardson (1998).

Wu and Raven (1999).

Last Modified 2017-12-29