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Foliage and first-year cones on an ornamental specimen in Seattle (USA) [C.J. Earle, 1999.03.19].


Bark on an ornamental specimen in Seattle (USA) [C.J. Earle, 1999.02.28].

line drawing

Line drawing; for full size image go to the Flora of China (Wu and Raven 1999).


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Conservation status

Pinus tabuliformis

Carrière 1867

Common names

Chinese red pine; 油松 you song [Chinese].

Taxonomic notes

Two varieties, the type (syn: P. mukdensis Nakai 1919; P. tabuliformis var. mukdensis (Nakai) Uyeki 1925; P. luchuensis var. shenkanensis Silba 1999) and henryi (Masters) Kuan 1983 (syn: P. henryi Masters 1902; P. massoniana var. henryi (Mast.) Wu 1956; P. massoniana var. wulingensis Qi & Lin 1988) (Li 1997). P. densata has been called a variety of this species (Silba 1986).


Distribution and Ecology

China and Korea (Silba 1986). The type variety recorded from China: Gansu, Hebei, Liaoning, Ningxia, Beijing, Shanxi, and Shaanxi; var. henryi from China: Hunan, Hubei, and Sichuan, with primary distribution in the Daba Shan area of Sichuan (Li 1997). Hardy to Zone 5 (cold hardiness limit between -28.8°C and -23.3°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree





A rare old-growth forest can be seen on the heights of Wudang Shan in northern Hubei (ca. 32° 28' N, 111° 8' E), where it grows as a forest dominant along with Quercus aliena (del Tredici 1995).



del Tredici, Peter et al. 1995. Plant collecting on Wudang Shan. Arnoldia 55(1): 12-20.

See also

Last Modified 2017-01-16