The Gymnosperm Database


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Conservation status

Pinus torreyana var. insularis

(Haller) Silba 1990

Common names

Island Torrey pine (Kral 1993).

Taxonomic notes

Syn: Pinus torreyana subsp. insularis Haller 1986.


"Trees 10(-15) m in native stands; mature crown of sheltered trees broader than tree height, compact in natural sites. Seed cones broader than long, mostly over 13.5 cm; umbos mostly more than 6 mm, whole umbo curved outward. Seeds to 14 mm wide, averaging over 11 mm, brown to dark brown with darker mottling" (Kral 1993).

Distribution and Ecology

USA: California: occurs naturally only on the E end of Santa Rosa Island (elevation 130-180 m). Habitat dry fogbelt zone, ravines and low ridges. Species is rare, so of conservation concern (Kral 1993). Population about 2,000 trees, inclusive of seedlings and saplings (Ledig and Conkle 1983).

Big tree





Santa Rosa Island is part of the Channel Islands National Park. Access to the islands is controlled by the National Park Service.



Haller, J.R. 1986. Taxonomy and relationships of the mainland and island populations of Pinus torreyana (Pinaceae). Systematic Botany 11:39-50.

Ledig, F.T. and M.T. Conkle 1983. Gene diversity and genetic structure in a narrow endemic, Torrey pine. Evolution 37: 79-85.

Silba, J. 1990. A supplement to the international census of the coniferae 2. Phytologia 68: 7-78.

Thanks to M.P. Frankis (1999.03) for his help with this page.

See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Last Modified 2017-12-29