The Gymnosperm Database

line drawing

Line drawing (Li 1975).


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Conservation status

Tsuga formosana

Hayata 1908

Common names

台灣鐵杉 [Chinese] (Huang 1994).

Taxonomic notes

Syn: Tsuga chinensis sensu Wilson 1926, T. chinensis var. formosana (Hayata) Li et Keng 1954 (Li 1975).


"A large tree, up to 50 m tall and 2 m in diameter, the bark gray, furrowed, the branchlets yellowish, later pale yellowish gray, hairy in grooves. Leaves linear, 1.5-2.5 cm long, 2-3 mm broad, the apex rounded or emarginate. Mature cones ovoid, 1.5-2.5 cm long, the scales suborbicular, lustrous yellowish brown, the margins sliglitly irregularly serrate. Seeds 7 mm long including the wing" (Li 1975).

Distribution and Ecology

Taiwan: Ilan, Kaoxiung, Miaoli, Nantou, Pingtung, Taichung, and Xinchu Xian (from 22°36'N to 24°29'N and from 120°44'E to 121°161E) at 1250-3536 m elevation. Commonly occurs in mixed broadleaf and conifer forest, dominated by Juniperus and Yushania (HAST Database).

Big tree





Taiwan collections reported for: Yushan National Park (23°28'N, 120°57'E), Lalashan Preserve (121°25'30"E, 24°44'00"N) (HAST Database). Can be seen in Shei-Pa National Park (HAST Database). Yushan National Park also looks like a good place to see it.



Hayata, B. 1908. New Conifers from Formosa. Gardeners' Chronicle ser. 3, 43:194. Available: Google Books, accessed 2016.02.14.

See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29