Gymnosperm Database
Link to jump to start of content Home Topics Bookstore Links Site Map Contact Us
search Google
the whole Web

line drawing

Line drawing (Li 1975).


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Conservation status

Tsuga formosana

Hayata 1908

Common names

台灣鐵杉 [Chinese] (Huang 1994).

Taxonomic notes

Syn: Tsuga chinensis sensu Wilson 1926, T. chinensis var. formosana (Hayata) Li et Keng 1954 (Li 1975).


"A large tree, up to 50 m tall and 2 m in diameter, the bark gray, furrowed, the branchlets yellowish, later pale yellowish gray, hairy in grooves. Leaves linear, 1.5-2.5 cm long, 2-3 mm broad, the apex rounded or emarginate. Mature cones ovoid, 1.5-2.5 cm long, the scales suborbicular, lustrous yellowish brown, the margins sliglitly irregularly serrate. Seeds 7 mm long including the wing" (Li 1975).

Distribution and Ecology

Taiwan: Ilan, Kaoxiung, Miaoli, Nantou, Pingtung, Taichung, and Xinchu Xian (from 22°36'N to 24°29'N and from 120°44'E to 121°161E) at 1250-3536 m elevation. Commonly occurs in mixed broadleaf and conifer forest, dominated by Juniperus and Yushania (HAST Database).

Big tree





Taiwan collections reported for: Yushan National Park (23°28'N, 120°57'E), Lalashan Preserve (121°25'30"E, 24°44'00"N) (HAST Database). Can be seen in Shei-Pa National Park (HAST Database). Yushan National Park also looks like a good place to see it.



Hayata, B. 1908. New Conifers from Formosa. Gardeners' Chronicle ser. 3, 43:194. Available: Google Books, accessed 2016.02.14.

See also

Last Modified 2016-02-14