The Gymnosperm Database


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 2.3, needs updating

Acmopyle sahniana

Buchholz et Gray 1947

Common names

Fijian acmopyle (Silba 1986).

Taxonomic notes


"A small tree 3-5 m. tall, with a gnarled trunk. Foliage dense, dimorphic. Leaves flattened, slightly falcate, distichous, linear, 10-19 mm. long by 2-3.2 mm. wide, leaf margins nearly parallel, glaucous, with prominent stomata below in 10-12 lines, midrib weakly marked, apex obliquely acute. Leaves on fertile branchlets scale-like, flattened, long-triangular, 1.5-2.5 mm. long, keeled, broadly decurrent. Male strobili terminal, 5 mm. long by 2 mm. wide; microsporophylls triangular, acute. Female cone on a branchlet with a scaly peduncle to 5 mm. long, cone with 2 bracts; ovule inverted, solitary, covered by a broad epimatium; purplish-green. Seed nearly erect, rounded and elongated into a conical point, covered by a nearly blackish receptacle at maturity" (Silba 1986).

Distribution and Ecology

Fiji: Mount Vakarogasiu and Mount Koroyanitu (Silba 1986). Elevation averages 530 m ±204 m. Within its range, mean annual temperature is 22.3°C, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 17.5°C, and a mean annual precipitation of 2820 mm (Biffin et al. 2011, Table S5).

The IUCN reports that this taxon is critically endangered. The total species population is estimated to number less than 50 mature individuals. This estimate dates from 1998 and has not been updated as of late 2010.

Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree







See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Bush, E.W. and M.F. Doyle. 1997. Taxonomic description of Acmopyle sahniana (Podocarpaceae): additions, revisions, discussion. Harvard Papers in Botany 2(2):229-233.

Last Modified 2017-12-29