The Gymnosperm Database


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 2.3, needs updating

Podocarpus levis

de Laubenfels 1978

Common names

Celebes: marisa (Donggala) & sanru (Malili); New Guinea: kayu tjina (Meos Noom) & wasiwarare (on Japen I.) (de Laubenfels 1988).

Taxonomic notes


"Tree, 8-25(-35) m tall, 16-40 cm diam. Foliage buds 3-9 mm long, the primary scales spreading. Juvenile leaves up to 20 by 1.5 cm, narrowly acute. Adult leaves linear-lanceolate, 8-14 by 1-1.4 cm, acute or narrowly rounded at the apex, narrowing at the base to a 4-9 mm petiole, stiff, upper hypodermal fibres in a continuous layer, upper midrib a low blunt ridge 0.3-0.5 mm wide and 0.1-0.2 mm high which furthermore often collapses upon drying so that the leaf appears smooth or even channeled, often with five vascular resin canals. Pollen cones typical of the section or longer, up to 8 cm long, solitary or in groups of up to three. Receptacle often with two bracts fertile and then sometimes with a third shorter sterile bract on one side between the other two, red when mature; foliola 2-4 mm long. Seed with its covering 12-13 by c. 8 mm" (de Laubenfels 1988).

Distribution and Ecology

E. Borneo (once; Berau); Celebes; Moluccas (Talaud Is.: Karakelong, Mt Piapi; Ambon: Mt Salhutu & Mt Hon); W New Guinea (Meos Noom & Japan Is.). "Scattered and locally common in primary rain-forest, from sea-level to 1650 m. In E. Borneo on limestone" (de Laubenfels 1988).

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See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29