Synonymy (Farjon 1998):
Large tree. Leaves lanceolate, coriaceous, ridged above the midvein, in two forms, juvenile and adult. Juvenile leaves borne on "vigorous" shoots, up to 15 × 2 cm. Adult leaves on fertile shoots, 3.7-8.9 × 1.3-1.7 cm. Pollen cones sessile, surrounded by broad, keeled, apiculate scales, 34 × 4 mm. Seed cones on peduncles 4-6 mm long, with receptacle of 2 thick, fused scales up to 6 mm long enclosing a seed up to 10 mm long and 8 mm across, with a blunt crest (Dallimore et al. 1967).
Mexico: Chiapas, Jalisco, Puebla, Tamauhipas, Veracruz; El Salvador?; Guatemala: Huehuetenango (Farjon 1998).
Based on data from 70 collection localities, it grows at elevations of 1470 ±540 m. Within its range, mean annual temperature is 18.8°C, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 8.6°C, and a mean annual precipitation of 1520 mm (Biffin et al. 2011, Table S5). Zone 9 (cold hardiness limit between -6.6°C and -1.1°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).
The IUCN reports that this species' overall population status is declining.
Lundell. 1937. Phytologia 1: 212.
Last Modified 2013-03-29