The Gymnosperm Database

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Foliage and fruits (Liu 1970).

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Bark and inner bark (Liu 1970).


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 2.3, needs updating

Podocarpus nakaii

Hayata 1916

Common names

Nakai podocarp, Taiwan name (Liu 1970), Nakai yellowwood.

Taxonomic notes

Syn: P. macrophyllus var. nakaii (Hayata) Li & Keng 1954; P. macrophyllus var. maki Endlicher 1847 (Li 1975). The classification used here is that chosen by de Laubenfels (1985), who regards P. macrophyllus var. maki as a synonym for P. chinensis.


A medium-sized tree, to 60 cm in diameter. Bark grayish red-brown, breaking up into longitudinal thin shaggy flakes, flakes 1-2 cm. wide, 0.5 mm. thick; lenticels inconspicuous, outer bark 2-3 mm. in thickness, fibrous, with a reddish brown cross-section; newly formed periderm pale reddish brown; inner bark 2-6 mm. thick, pale reddish orange, immediately becoming pale yellowish brown after cutting, finely fibrous; cambium and newly formed phloem white in color. Branches terete, glabrous. Leaves coriaceous, alternate, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 6-8 cm long, 8-12 mm broad, straight or slightly falcate, dark green above, silver-green beneath, the base cuneate, acute or shortly attenuate; petioles very short, about 5 mm long. Staminate strobilus 4-6 cm. long. Seeds solitary, axillary, obliquely ovoid, acute at the apex, 1 cm long, 8 mm wide; receptacle fleshy, pale red at maturity in April, obliquely onconical-globose, 2-lobed, 5-12 mm long; peduncles 2-12 mm long. Freshly cut sapwood pale apricot yellow, wood rays inconspicuous (Liu 1970, Li 1975).

Distribution and Ecology

Taiwan: "the northern and central parts of the island, scattered in broad-leaved forests" (Li 1975).

The IUCN reports that this species is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild in the near future, due to recent and ongoing exploitation within a range that is already severely fragmented, with total population size estimated at fewer than 2,500 mature plants and no subpopulation containing more than 250 mature plants.

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See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Huang 1994 (the Flora of Taiwan).

Last Modified 2017-12-29