The Gymnosperm Database

line drawing

A. part of fruiting branch, B. bud scales (Van Royen 1979).


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 2.3, needs updating

Podocarpus pilgeri

Foxworthy ex Merrill 1907 (p. 259)

Common names

Taxonomic notes

Synonymy (Farjon 1998):


"Trees up to 25 m, or shrub, bole up to 13 m, d.b.h. up to 43 cm. Outer bark red, dark brown, or pale brown, smooth, fibrous or scaly, sometimes shallowly fissured. Inner bark salmon pink or pale brown. Wood orange yellow, reddish brown, straw to dark brown, light brown. Branches scattered or in whorls. Branchlets slender, terete. Terminal buds ovoid or conoid, 3.5-4.5 by 3-5 mm, scales narrowly triangular-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 3-4.5 mm long, acute or long-acuminate, crested. Leaves pale green, sometimes glaucous below, young ones reddish, scattered or sometimes crowded at tip of branchlets, broadly linear-lanceolate to elliptic, or oblong, 1.5-8 by 0.4-1.3 cm, abruptly or rather gradually narrowed and acute or apiculate at tip, rarely obtusely apiculate or mucronate, or rounded, at base cuneate to narrowly so, midrib narrow and prominent above, crested below, flat or grooved, margin usually flat or entire leaf V-shaped in cross section; thin to very thick coriaceous, patent, glabrous. Male cones light yellow, solitary, axillary, cylindric or ovoid-globose, 1.5-5 by 0.2-0.4 mm, subsessile, scales at base of cone ovate-triangular, 1.5-3 mm long, acute, microsporophylls (, broadly triangular or ovate, 1-1.5 mm long, apiculate or obtuse, margin scarious, anther-sacs ellipsoid or globose, 1 mm across. Female cones solitary, axillary, peduncle 3-12 mm long, slender, receptacle red or purple, composed of 2 fused fleshy bracts, 5-12 by 3-7 mm, fertile ones obtuse, sterile ones acute, subtended by a pair of subulate, 1.5-2 mm long bracts, ovule reddish brown or red. Seeds purple, glaucous, ellipsoid-ovoid, 8-8.5 by 6-7 mm, obtuse" (Van Royen 1979).

Distribution and Ecology

Philippines to Solomon Islands (Van Royen 1979); alternatively, S China, Indonesia, Philippines, and New Guinea (Silba 1986).

Big tree







Merrill, Elmer D. 1907. The flora of Mount Halcon, Mindoro. Philippine Journal of Science 2(4):251-309. Online at Google Books.

See also

de Laubenfels 1988.

Hiep et al. 2004.

Luu and Thomas 2004 provide a description, range map, conservation status, drawings and photos, and a wealth of additional information.

Last Modified 2017-12-29