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Detail drawing from de Laubenfels (1972).


Distribution, redrawn from de Laubenfels (1972).


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 3.1

Podocarpus sylvestris

J. Buchholz 1949

Common names

Taxonomic notes

Syn. (Farjon 1998):


Trees to 30 m tall and 100 cm dbh with a densely branched crown. Bark red-brown, scaly, furrowed and turning gray-brown with age. Twigs green, prominently grooved. Leaves surround the twig, mostly near twig ends, with a wedge-shaped base on a very short petiole, 5-9×0.7-1 cm (up to 17×1.5 cm in juveniles), straight or curved, flat or slightly downcurved, midvein slightly raised above and slightly channeled below, with a triangular blunt or pointed tip; three resin canals beneath the midvein. Pollen cones 10-18×2-3 mm, each microsporophyll bearing a stiff, upturned tip 0.3-0.5 mm long. Seed cones usually in pairs, borne on 5-10 mm stalk with two needle-like basal bracts 1-2 mm long; epimatium swollen, red, juicy; seed with epimatium 10-13×7-9 mm, the seed bearing a tiny, fragile beak (Eckenwalder 2009).

The very similar Podocarpus longifoliolatus has leafy bud scales, while the buds of P. sylvestris are 1-2 mm diameter and tightly wrapped by the scales. P. novae-caledoniae is also very similar, but has narrower leaves (Eckenwalder 2009).

Distribution and Ecology

New Caledonia (de Laubenfels 1972). Based on data from 54 collection localities, it grows at elevations of 420 ±230 m. Within its range, mean annual temperature is 21°C, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 14°C, and a mean annual precipitation of 1690 mm (Biffin et al. 2011, Table S5).

The IUCN reports that the population status is stable.

Big tree







Buchholz, J. 1949. Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris), sér. 2, 21:285.

See also

Association Endemia, a site devoted to New Caledonian species. Has excellent photos, a range map, and other information. In French.

Last Modified 2013-04-02