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photo

P. andina at a preserve in Temuco, Parque Nacional Conguillìo, Chile [Rick Fencl, 2006.03].

photo

Seed and covering from a tree at a preserve in Temuco, Parque Nacional Conguillìo, Chile [Rick Fencl, 2006.03].

photo

Foliage from a tree at a preserve in Temuco, Parque Nacional Conguillìo, Chile [Rick Fencl, 2006.03].

Several good photos are available on the Encyclopedia de la Flora Chilena website and at the Chilebosque website.

 

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Conservation status

Prumnopitys andina

(Poepp. ex Endl.) de Laubenfels 1978

Common names

Lleuque [Mapudungun] (Mill and Quinn 2001).

Taxonomic notes

Synonymy (Farjon 1998, Mill and Quinn 2001):

Description

Trees to 15 m tall and 100 cm dbh, crown pyramidal to globose, leaves linear, falcate, coriaceous, 1-2.5 cm long and 1.5-2 mm wide, with a glaucous strip on either side of the midrib on abaxial surface. Fruit the usual podocarp "berry", 10-15 mm diameter.

Trees to 21 m tall and 100 cm dbh; crown first conical, later rounded or irregular, with short, ascending branches. Bark thin, dark brown weathering light gray. Leaves in two ranks, angled forward, slightly curved, 15-25 mm×1.5-2.5 mm, base rounded with short petiole, midrib flat above and slightly raised below, apex pointed. Pollen cones in groups of 10-20, each attached on an axillary shoot 10-25 mm long, 5-8×2.5-3 mm. Seed cones 15-20×10-15 mm on a 2-3 cm peduncle, epimatium and seed green maturing deep red-purple. The relatively long leaves with a flat midrib and large seed distinguish it from other species of Prumnopitys (Eckenwalder 2009).

Distribution and Ecology

Argentina, Chile (Farjon 1998). Grows in low to mid-altitude Andean forests from Chile's Región del Maule (35°52'S) to Región de la Araucanía (39°30'S), at elevations of 200-1380 m in small populations of up to a few hundred individuals (Gonzalez 1998, Hechenleitner et al. 2005). Based on data from 24 collection localities, its climate preferences include a mean annual temperature of 9°C, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 0°C, and a mean annual precipitation of 1670 mm (Biffin et al. 2011, Table S5). Hardy to Zone 8 (cold hardiness limit between -12.1°C and -6.7°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Actively being exploited, primarily for the woodchip industry; also threatened by fires and deforestation (Hechenleitner et al. 2005).

Big tree

Oldest

Dendrochronology

Ethnobotany

Observations

Remarks

Citations

González, M. 1998. Prumnopitys andina. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed 2006.10.29.

Hechenleitner, P., M.F. Gardner, P.I. Thomas, C. Echeverria, B. Escobar, P. Brownless and C. Martinez. Plantas Amenazadas del Centro-Sur de Chile: Distribución, Conservación y Propagación. Available: http://www.chilebosque.cl/amenazadas.html (accessed 2006.10.29). The principal information on Prumnopitys andina is reproduced as a web page at http://www.chilebosque.cl/tree/prandi.html.

Mill, R.R. and C.J. Quinn. 2001. Prumnopitys andina reinstated as the correct name for "lleuque", the Chilean conifer recently renamed p. spicata (Podocarpaceae). Taxon 50(4):1143-1154.

See also

Encyclopedia de la Flora Chilena: http://www.florachilena.cl/Niv_tax/Gimnospermas/Podocarpaceae/Prumnopitys/Prumnopitys%20andina.htm. Accessed 2006.10.29.

Molloy, B. P. J. and M. Muñoz-Schick. 1999. The correct name for the Chilean conifer Lleuque (Podocarpaceae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 37: 189-193.

Last Modified 2013-03-29