The Gymnosperm Database


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 2.3, needs updating

Retrophyllum vitiense

(Seeman) Page 1989

Common names

Taxonomic notes

Syn: Podocarpus vitiensis Seeman 1862; Nageia vitiensis (Seem.) Kuntze 1891; Decussocarpus vitiensis (Seem.) de Laub. 1969 (Farjon 1998).


Trees to 43 m tall and 130 cm dbh, with a spreading crown of drooping branches. Bark reddish brown, weathering gray, exfoliating. Leaves of long shoots scale-like, triangular, decurrent, 1-2 mm long. Leaves of short shoots in two ranks, 15-30 mm long (40 mm in juveniles), widest near middle, acute, rounded short-petiolate base, with a weak to prominent midrib above a single resin canal. Pollen cones 15-20×2-2.5 mm. Seed cones solitary on a 6-10 mm peduncle, 10-15×8-13 mm including both epimatium and seed, maturing dark red. The scaly long shoots, long pollen cones and small seed cones distinguish it from other species of Retrophyllum (Eckenwalder 2009).

Distribution and Ecology

Malesia: Moluccas, New Guinea, New Britain, Santa Cruz Is., Fiji Is. (Farjon 1998).

Based on data from 21 collection localities, it grows at elevations of 770 ±680 m. Within its range, mean annual temperature is 23°C, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 18°C, and a mean annual precipitation of 3290 mm (Biffin et al. 2011, Table S5). Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

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See also

Last Modified 2017-12-29