Syn: Podocarpus vitiensis Seeman 1862; Nageia vitiensis (Seem.) Kuntze 1891; Decussocarpus vitiensis (Seem.) de Laub. 1969 (Farjon 1998).
Trees to 43 m tall and 130 cm dbh, with a spreading crown of drooping branches. Bark reddish brown, weathering gray, exfoliating. Leaves of long shoots scale-like, triangular, decurrent, 1-2 mm long. Leaves of short shoots in two ranks, 15-30 mm long (40 mm in juveniles), widest near middle, acute, rounded short-petiolate base, with a weak to prominent midrib above a single resin canal. Pollen cones 15-20×2-2.5 mm. Seed cones solitary on a 6-10 mm peduncle, 10-15×8-13 mm including both epimatium and seed, maturing dark red. The scaly long shoots, long pollen cones and small seed cones distinguish it from other species of Retrophyllum (Eckenwalder 2009).
Malesia: Moluccas, New Guinea, New Britain, Santa Cruz Is., Fiji Is. (Farjon 1998).
Based on data from 21 collection localities, it grows at elevations of 770 ±680 m. Within its range, mean annual temperature is 23°C, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 18°C, and a mean annual precipitation of 3290 mm (Biffin et al. 2011, Table S5). Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).
Last Modified 2013-03-29