Kenaley, S. and R. Mathiasen. 2006. First Report of Cladocolea cupulata on Pinus douglasiana and P. herrerai in Northern Mexico. Plant Diseases 90:681.
Abstract: The mistletoe Cladocolea cupulata Kuijt (Loranthaceae) has previously been reported parasitizing pines (Pinus spp., Pinaceae) in central Mexico (3). As of today, reported pine hosts have been Pinus jaliscana Pérez de la Rosa and P. lumholtzii B.L. Rob. et Fernald from the state of Jalisco (1,2). During July 2005, we found this mistletoe parasitizing P. douglasiana Martinez and P. herrerai Martinez along Route 40 in Durango approximately 8 km east of El Palmito (23°35'54"N, 105°50'45"W, elevation 2,000 m). We also found the mistletoe on P. douglasiana along Route 40 at approximately 18 km west of El Palmito (23°27'51"N, 105°49'58"W, elevation 1,780 m) in the state of Sinaloa. Additional populations of this mistletoe were observed along the roadside of Route 40 in the Sinaloa-Durango border region. Infected trees had one to five mistletoe plants on them. Comparing infected hosts with neighboring noninfected hosts, the mistletoe appeared to have no effect on the growth of the infected trees. No mortality associated with mistletoe infection was observed for either of these mistletoe-host combinations. C. cupulata can be distinguished from its closest relatives, C. grahami Kuijt and C. pringlei Kuijt, by its longer, narrower, opposite leaves, parallel venation, and the saddle-like peduncles that hold four flowers (3). The other taxa have predominantly alternate leaves with pinnate venation and lack the saddle-like peduncle. To our knowledge, this is the first report of C. cupulata parasitizing P. douglasiana and P. herrerai and the first report of this mistletoe from the states of Durango and Sinaloa (2,3). Specimens of C. cupulata and host material were collected and have been deposited at the Deaver Herbarium (ASC), Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff (Accession Nos. 79532, 79533, and 79536).
References: (1) B. Chazado. Biosphera 1:3, 1990. (2) B. Geils et al. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-98, 2002. (3) J. Kuijt. J. Arnold Arbor. Harv. Univ. 56:265, 1975.