Gymnosperm Database
Link to jump to start of content Home Topics Bookstore Links Site Map Contact Us

Search
Search the Database

 

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Encephalartos aemulans

Vorster 1990

Common names

Taxonomic notes

Related to E. natalensis and E. lebomboensis (Jones 1993).

Description

Trunk erect to 3 m tall and 35 cm diameter; suckers produced from base. Mature leaves numerous in an obliquely erect to rounded crown. Leaves 1.2-2 m × 20-30 cm, dark green and glossy, flat in cross-section; petiole 10-12 cm long. Male and female cones nearly identical in shape, ellipsoid, densely covered with brown hairs. Male cones 29-38 cm × 14-18 cm, narrowly ellipsoid, lemon yellow. Female cones 35-40 cm × 20-23 cm, green. Seeds 2.5-3 cm × 1.5-2 cm, bright red (Jones 1993).

Distribution and Ecology

Restricted to a single hill in Natal at about 1000 m. The exact location has not been published to protect the plants from poachers. Plants grow on S-facing sandstone cliffs and scree. Climate seasonal with light frosts; rainfall 600-800 mm, summer maximum (Jones 1993).

Big tree

3 m tall × 35 cm diameter (Jones 1993).

Oldest

Ethnobotany

Limited ornamental use; it was collected prior to description of the species (Jones 1993). Native peoples use other cycads in the area as a food source and may so use this species.

Observations

Remarks

Two old male plants known from 10 km away (Jones 1993).

Citations

See also

Vorster, P. 1990. Encephalartos aemulans, a new species from northern Natal. South African Journal of Botany 56(2):239.

Last Modified 2012-11-23