Four species, two extant (L. hopei and L. peroffskyana) and two (Tertiary) extinct, endemic to Australia. Described 1857 based on a living plant (L. peroffskyana) in the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden (Jones 1993). The most recent systematic study was by Johnson (1959).
Large plants with a stout, erect trunk. Notable features include:
Australia: New South Wales and Queensland, near the coast, in rainforest or similarly sheltered forest sites. Soils are well-structured loams (Jones 1993).
Both species are popular ornamentals suitable, when young, for indoor container plantings. The leaves are used for decoration (Jones 1993). Aboriginal use for food is not cited but seems likely in view of the size and local abundance of these plants.
Have seen both species in native habitat. Both are easily located; see species descriptions for details.
First known from Eocene sediments in New South Wales. Propagation is solely from seed, which takes 12 to 24 months to germinate (Jones 1993).
Last Modified 2012-11-23