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Range map for species of Lepidozamia (Jones 1993). You can also create a highly detailed map, and access specimen data, using the "search" function at the Australia Virtual Herbarium.

 

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Lepidozamia

von Regel

Common names

Taxonomic notes

Four species, two extant (L. hopei and L. peroffskyana) and two (Tertiary) extinct, endemic to Australia. Described 1857 based on a living plant (L. peroffskyana) in the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden (Jones 1993). The most recent systematic study was by Johnson (1959).

Description

Large plants with a stout, erect trunk. Notable features include:

Distribution and Ecology

Australia: New South Wales and Queensland, near the coast, in rainforest or similarly sheltered forest sites. Soils are well-structured loams (Jones 1993).

Big tree

L. hopei achieves heights of 20 m and diameters of 50 cm. It is the tallest of cycads (Jones 1993).

Oldest

Ethnobotany

Both species are popular ornamentals suitable, when young, for indoor container plantings. The leaves are used for decoration (Jones 1993). Aboriginal use for food is not cited but seems likely in view of the size and local abundance of these plants.

Observations

Have seen both species in native habitat. Both are easily located; see species descriptions for details.

Remarks

First known from Eocene sediments in New South Wales. Propagation is solely from seed, which takes 12 to 24 months to germinate (Jones 1993).

Citations

See also

Last Modified 2012-11-23