"Stem mostly subterranean but in shallow soils forming an aerial trunk 1-2 m high, 30-60 cm diam. Leaves 50-100 in the crown, 70-200 cm long, rachis not twisted; pinnae 70-130, longest 16-35 cm long, 4-12 mm wide, simple, not crowded, thick and rigid, rather dull, with 7-13 scarcely raised veins below; lowest pinnae reduced to spines; spine-free petiole 12-60 cm long. Male cones 20-45 cm long, 8-12 cm diam., longest spines 2-5 cm long. Female cones 20-45 cm long, 10-20 cm diam.; longest spines 4-10 cm long; seeds 3-4.5 cm long, 2-3 cm diam., scarlet when ripe" (Harden 1990).
"Grows in sclerophyll forest on sandy to loamy soils, often in dense stands; on the coast and adjacent ranges from the Macleay R. system to Bega, and the Goulburn R. district" (Harden 1990).
Last Modified 2012-11-23