The Gymnosperm Database


Range map, redrawn from Farjon and Styles (1997).


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Conservation status

Pinus tecunumanii

Eguiluz et Perry 1983

Common names

Pinabete, pino ocote [Spanish].

Taxonomic notes

Syn: P. patula subsp. tecunumanii (Eguiluz et Perry) Styles 1984; Pinus oocarpa var. ochoterenae Martínez 1940 (Farjon and Styles 1997).


Distribution and Ecology

Mexico: Chiapas; Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua (Farjon and Styles 1997). Perry (1991) also reports it in Mexico: Oaxaca & SE Guerrero (Farjon and Styles 1997).

Big tree





In El Salvador, it on Cerro el Pital at 1500-2500 m elevation, in mixed stands with Pinus pseudostrobus var. apulcensis (Fernando Tobar email 2008.11.12).

Also in El Salvador, on the highest peaks of Cerro Montecristo, you can find Pinus pseudostrobus var. pseudostrobus with Pinus tecunumanii. Also, on the highest part of the mountain in Quercus-dominated cloud forests, is the only place in El Salvador where Podocarpus oleifolius grows in the wild (Fernando Tobar email 2008.11.12).


The specific epithet honors Tecún Umán, a Mayan chief who defended his homeland against the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th Century (Dvorak et al. 2000).


Dvorak, W.S., G.R. Hodge, E.A. Gutiérrez, L.F. Osorio, F.S. Malan, and T.K. Stanger. 2000. Pinus tecunumanii. Pp. 188-209 in Conservation & Testing of Tropical & Subtropical Forest Tree Species by the CAMCORE Cooperative. Raleigh, NC: College of Natural Resources, NCSU.

See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World.

Cordero, J. and D.H. Boshier (eds.). 2004. Pinus tecunumanii Egiluz & J. P. Perry. Pp. 771-774 in , Árboles de Centroamérica. UK: Oxford Forestry Institute (OFI) and Costa Rica: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE). [in Spanish], accessed 2011.02.25.

Dvorak, W.S., G.R. Hodge and J.L. Romero. 2001. Results of twenty years of research on Pinus tecunumanii by the CAMCORE Cooperative, in Forest Genetic Resources No. 29., accessed 2011.02.25.

Dvorak, W.S. 2003. Pinus tecunumanii. Species description in the Tropical Tree Seed Manual. Available (accessed 2007.08.31).

Last Modified 2017-12-29